October 2007 Global Weather Highlights
GLOBAL WEATHER HIGHLIGHTS
Tropical Storm Noel, the 14th named storm of the 2007 Atlantic
season, brought flooding and loss of life to parts of the island of
West and Southeast
Severe to extreme drought conditions continued throughout much of the
Southeast region, the western U.S., and some areas in the northern
Great Lakes region. Exceptional drought persisted in Alabama,
Tennessee, Georgia, North and South Carolina and parts of Kentucky and
Virginia. On October 30, 57% of the western U.S., 67% in the
Southeast, and 35% of the contiguous U.S. was in moderate to
In the state of Georgia, the exceptional drought has taken a toll on
state's water supplies, forcing the governor to declare a state of
emergency across the northern half of the state. Lake Lanier, a 15,380
hectares (38,000 acres) reservoir in the northern part of the state,
serves more than 3 million residents with water and is feared that it
might be in total depletion in 3 more months (BBC News).
Severe wildfires in southern California, which started on October 21,
forced 950,000 residents to evacuate the area, resulting in the
evacuation in Californian history (BBC News). The fires charred
hectares (517,000 acres), destroyed more than 2,000 homes, killed 7
people and injured 40 others. Seven of southern California's counties
have been declared in a state of emergency by President Bush (BBC News/
A 100-year-old annual rainfall total record was broken on October 14
when 36 mm (1.4 inches) of rain fell at Will Rogers World Airport,
south of Oklahoma City, bringing the annual total rainfall, as of the
14th, to 1,355 mm (53.34 inches). This amount surpasses the previous
annual record of 1,322 mm (52.03 inches), set in 1908, by 33 mm (1.31
inches) (Associated Press).
Severe storms affected northern Texas on October 15. The storms
produced damaging winds and heavy rain that flooded roads and damaged
buildings. About 20,000 customers lost electricity in the Dallas-Forth
Worth area. One fatality was reported (Associated Press).
Central and Southeast
Severe thunderstorms affected areas across the central and
United States on the 18th (Associated Press). A tornado that spawned
from the severe storms affected Missouri's Monroe County, claiming two
lives after tearing apart a mobile home and killing its occupants (BBC
News). Another tornado formed in Pensacola, FL which damaged a house,
a church, and a shopping mall and injured 4 people. No fatalities were
reported (Associated Press/BBC News).
Across China, moderate to extreme drought conditions persist across
northern Neimongol, eastern Hubei, southern Jiangxi, western Fujian,
northeastern Tibet (Beijing Climate Center).
Heavy rain prompted devastating floods during October 12-15. In Costa
Rica, heavy rain that fell during October 10-11 caused widespread
floods that washed away over 800 homes and prompted a deadly mudslide
on the 11th. The mudslide, according to reports, is the worst weather
disaster for Costa Rica in years, claiming 14 lives and burying
hundreds of homes in the town of Atenas (AFP/BBC News). In Nicaragua,
the heavy rain affected 10,000 people, destroyed homes and
crops, and washed away cattle. According to reports, 600 mm (24
inches) of rain fell in a period of four days (BBC News). El Salvador
reported 2 fatalities, Honduras reported 4 fatalities, and Panama
reported 2 missing people (AFP/BBC News).
Extensive flooding affected areas of Haiti on October 11-12, resulting
in the deaths of 45 people and the flooding of hundreds of villages.
About 20,000 people were left homeless (BBC News).
Eastern Spain was pounded by thunderstorms that brought heavy rain on
October 13-14, triggering widespread floods. In Valencia, 100 mm (4
inches) of rain fell in a one-hour period while other areas reported
over 200 mm (8 inches) of rain falling in short periods of time. Two
fatalities were reported (BBC News).
A strong storm brought heavy rain and flooding to parts of southern
Bangladesh on October 17. According to reports, the Chittagong Port
City received about 225 mm (9 inches) of rain overnight. The heavy
rain triggered a mudslide that killed many people (BBC News).
Typhoon Lekima formed in the western Pacific Ocean as a tropical
depression on September 27. After making its first landfall as a
tropical storm in the Philippine island of Luzon, Lekima strengthened
to a category 1 typhoon. On October 3, the storm made landfall in
Vietnam with maximum sustained winds near 72 mph (116 km/hr or 63
knots). Lekima brought torrential rain and high winds,
which triggered landslides, flooded thousands of homes, and destroyed
vast areas of rice fields (BBC News/Reuters). Typhoon Lekima was
responsible for the deaths of 86 people with 9 others missing
(Associated Press). Vietnam suffered its worst flooding in 45 years
due to the extensive flooding caused by the typhoon (BBC News).
According to reports, Vietnam's Department of Floods and Storms
Control estimate damage losses was $131 million (Associated Press).
Typhoon Krosa developed in the western Pacific Ocean on October 1 and
reached typhoon strength on the 3rd (BBC News). The storm had maximum
sustained winds of 101 mph (162 km/hr or 43 knots) when it made
landfall in Taiwan on the 6th,
becoming the strongest typhoon to hit the island during this year (AFP/
BBC News). Krosa's aftermath lead to 7 fatalities and left about 2
million people without power in Taiwan (Associated Press/BBC News).
The storm made its second landfall near the border of China's
provinces Zhejiang and Fujian with maximum sustained winds near 78 mph
(126 km/hr or 68 knots) on the 7th (BBC News). Krosa brought heavy
rain to China's southeast region, pouring up to 200 mm (8 inches) of
rain on parts of Zhejiang and Fujian (AFP).
Tropical storm Noel developed off the south coast of the island of
Hispaniola, composed of Haiti and Dominican Republic, on October 28
and made landfall in Haiti on the 29th with maximum sustained winds
near 50 mph (80 km/hr or 43 knots). Noel brought heavy rains that
caused widespread floods and prompted landslides across the island of
Hispaniola (AFP). In Dominican Republic, 56 people lost their lives
and damaged about 14,500 homes, while 34 deaths were reported in
Haiti. Noel's wrath damaged Dominican Republic's rice, plantain, and
cacao plantations leading to an estimated $30 million in losses
(Associated Press). After making landfall in Haiti, Noel moved towards
Cuba making a second landfall on October 30 with maximum sustained
winds near 60 mph (97 km/hr or 52 knots). According to reports, the
heavy rain in Cuba damaged 1,000 homes (Associated Press). Tropical
storm Noel is the second deadliest storm of the 2007 season and the
deadliest in the Caribbean since Tropical storm Jeanne in 2004